Redistricting is the process by which new congressional and state legislative district boundaries are drawn. Each of Ohio's 16 United States representatives and 132 state legislators are elected from political divisions called districts. United States senators are not elected by districts but by the states at large. District lines are redrawn every 10 years following completion of the United States Census. The federal government stipulates that districts must have nearly equal populations and must not discriminate on the basis of race or ethnicity.
Ohio was apportioned 15 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives after the 2020 census, 1 fewer than it received after the 2010 census.
On March 2, 2022, the Ohio Redistricting Commission approved a redrawn congressional map in a 5-2 vote along party lines, meaning the map will last for four years. On March 18, the Ohio Supreme Court ruled that it did not have jurisdiction to overturn the map before the state's primary elections as part of the legal challenge that overturned the initial congressional map. This map took effect for Ohio's 2022 congressional elections. A federal court ruling on Ohio's legislative maps took effect on May 28, which ordered maps drawn by the Ohio Redistricting Commission in February be used for the 2022 elections and set a legislative primary date of August 2, 2022. These maps took effect for Ohio's 2022 state legislative elections.
However, the Commission, with very little public hearing, approved a map that was still gerrymandered, for use from 2024-2028, with bi-partisan approval. The League, along with Common Cause and many other non-partisan civic organizations, will be placing an Amendment to the Ohio Consitution to redistrict by a Non-partisan Redistricting Commission, this time made up of 15 non-political members. The intention is to get this Amendment on the November, 2024 ballot. Please see attached, current maps for the state of Ohio - Federal Congressional, State House and State Senate: